Lacerations generally require basic wound care, including cleansing and the application of dressings.

As people go through the daily activities of life, they’re likely to experience different types of wounds that require their own distinct wound care. Some are more severe, reaching deep in the layers of skin and requiring extensive care; however, most wounds are superficial, affecting only the outer dermal layers. The latter type is generally referred to as non-penetrating wounds. Educate yourself about these common types of wounds so you can be more prepared when consulting with a clinician about the right method of treatment:

Non-penetrating wounds

Non-penetrating wounds are often caused by friction against the skin that does not cause the outer dermal layer to break. They may also include injuries caused by blunt trauma. The most common types of non-penetrating wounds include:

Lacerations occur when the tissue is torn or cut. The wound care process involves cleaning the affected area to remove any foreign material and to clear away blood clots. The affected area may also need to be debrided and irrigated. Depending on the severity of the wound, it may be closed using sutures, staples, skin closure bandages or other methods, according to American Family Physician. Sterile wound dressings are then applied to provide a moist and safe healing environment.

Abrasions are scrapings of the outer layer of skin. An example of this kind of wound is a first-degree burn. The proper care technique for this kind of skin damage includes cleansing the area of foreign materials then applying basic dressings accompanied by topical antibiotic ointment to help stave off wound infection.

Contusions manifest themselves as swollen bruises and are caused by an accumulation of blood beneath the skin. They’re often the result of a forceful impact to the skin that leaves the outer dermal layer intact – there is generally no tear or cut to the skin leaving an open wound. While there isn’t much need for wound care, they should be evaluated in clinical settings to ensure no more severe or internal damage has been done.

With a basic knowledge of the types of non-penetrating wounds, you can work with your clinician to make an informed decision about the right wound care methods for your specific situation.

If your wound is serious enough for advanced wound care dressings, we hope you will ask your clinician to order your supplies from Advanced Tissue.